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Turkmen

Turkmen

Turkic

Turkmen, Turkmenistan

Ses Türkmen Yurdundan – The Voice from the Land of Turkmen

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Language Overview

Turkmen is a Turkic language spoken predominantly in Turkmenistan, where it is the official language. It also has speakers in Iran, Afghanistan, and Turkey. The language has about 5 million native speakers. Turkmen has been influenced by Russian and Persian languages.
Market Insights
In Turkmenistan, state-controlled media dominates, with a focus on local TV and radio. There is a growing use of the internet and social media among the younger population. International content is subject to censorship.
Cultural Context
Turkmen society values respect for tradition and elders. The language includes formal and informal speech levels. There are regional dialects, but standard Turkmen is based on the dialect spoken around Ashgabat.
Writing System and Typography
Turkmen uses the Latin alphabet, having switched from Cyrillic after independence from the Soviet Union. The script includes unique Turkic letters and is written left to right.
Phonetics and Phonology
Turkmen’s phonetic system features vowel harmony and a series of unique Turkic consonant sounds. Non-native speakers often find the vowel harmony and certain consonants challenging.
Grammatical Structure
Turkmen typically follows a Subject-Object-Verb (SOV) structure. The language has agglutinative features, with extensive use of suffixes to alter meaning and function of words.
Media and Text Layout
Turkmen translation often results in text contraction, with an average of 5-10% less text compared to English. Subtitles should ideally have a maximum of 33 characters per line.
Localization Challenges
One of the main challenges in translating Turkmen is ensuring that content adheres to cultural norms and government regulations.
Technical Considerations
Special attention is needed for proper encoding and rendering of the Turkmen script in digital formats. Compatibility with major software platforms can be a concern.
Other information
Turkmen culture is known for its rich oral traditions, including epic poems and folktales that are integral to its heritage.
Our Human Voices
  • TUKF01Judy
  • TUKF02Yulia
  • TUKF05Maya
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Additional Language Information
Ethnologue
Additional Country Information
Ethnologue
External Language Documentation
Open Language Archives

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